Early Madison County settlers participated in the Underground Railroad for several reasons. Some acted due to their disgust of slavery, the same emotion that drove them from the southern states where they previously lived.  Others adhered to religious values that did not condone slavery or their political views led them to be engaged in the Underground Railroad.

Below are lists of names for whom we have documented evidence of their participation.  If you can provide more information on any of these or others, or are interested in the documentation gathered, please contact us at madisoncountypreservation@gmail.com.

Underground Railroad Stockholders

Stockholder is a term used to describe men and women whose actions in the Underground Railroad included providing leadership, funds, and possibly supplies, but they did not participate in sheltering or transporting Freedom Seekers.  They held anti-slavery sentiments and may or may not have followed the more radical views of abolitionists.  They were usually a leader in the Republican political party and the local Mason organization.  The likely lived in Winterset where they attended the Presbyterian, Methodist, or Baptist church.  Their occupations included newspaper owner and editor, lawyer, banker, or other professions.

  • Arnold, David Ford
  • Cummings, Hon. Henry J.B.
  • Graham, Rev. John
  • Hutchings, Joseph J.
  • McKnight, William Wylie
  • McPherson, Marquis Lafayette
  • Pitzer, Judge John Allen
  • Scott, Dr. John
Col. H.J.B. Cummings
Col. H.J.B. Cummings
Joseph J. Hutchings
Joseph J. Hutchings
M.L. McPherson
M.L. McPherson
Judge John Pitzer
Judge John Pitzer

Underground Railroad Conductors and Station Agents

Conductors and station agents were terms used for those men and women who sheltered, cared for, and transported Freedom Seekers using the Underground Railroad routes. They, too, held anti-slavery sentiments and may or may not have followed the more radical views of abolitionists.  They were primarily farmers, living in rural areas throughout Madison County and actively participating in their Quaker or Presbyterian communities.

Applegate, David Kale, Susanna Porter
Bard, John Stewart Leonard, Sylvester R.
Bard, William Holmes Leonard, Dr. William L.
Barnett, William McDonald, William H.
Barnett, Julia Ann Ballard McGee, Matthew
Bennett, Maggie (Duff) McGee, Caroline Kale
Brown, Jacob “Soap Jake” Martin, David G.
Brown, Sarah Ann Starbuck Moorman, Thomas Clark
Brown, Ed Moorman, Rhoda Ann Bryan
Browne, Capt. Joseph M. Newlon, Nathan
Bruce, Richard P. Newlon, Eliza Ann Winder
Chase, George Blade Odell, Eli
Dabney, Henry Odell, Aseneth
Darby, John Painter, Jesse
Darby, Sarah E Battershell Painter, Susanna Moorman
Early, John Queen, Hogan
Early, Elizabeth McMurren Queen, Martha Runkle
Farris, James Reager, Isaac
Farris, Elizabeth Morgan Roberts, Hon. Benjamin F.
Gilliland, David W. Roberts, Marietta Jennings
Graham, Rev. John Roland, Charles W.
Graham, Mary Small Roy, Thomas Meadows
Hiatt, Aaron Ruby, Billy
Hiatt, Elam Tullis, John
Hiatt, Jesse Tullis, Margaret Kiser
Johnson, James Wilson, Thomas
Johnson, Lucinda Peed Wilson, Ruth Barnett
Kale, Reuben Wroe, Benjamin
Kale, Rebecca True
Browne - Joseph M photo JPEG
J.M. Browne
Richard P. Bruce
Richard P. Bruce
Mathew M. McGee
Mathew M. McGee
Reager - Isaac photo 1906
Isaac Reager

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